30 de abril
High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each major connection.
And guard homes at each tunnel portal.
I ran across A russian railfan forum, where in fact the reason behind these protection measures had been mentioned.
VeschiiOleg published: for instance, the method of any bridge that is serious enclosed with an area of alienation with barbed cable, signs and armed guards.
Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway connection, as an example. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but about what foundation have you been using these photos?
VeschiiOleg published: ВОХРовец, in accordance with the statute of this guard solution they don't have legal rights to go out of the center, those due to the territory he ought not to keep. But to call the police – easily. And if regarding the fence, you can find inscriptions concerning the prohibition of filming, chances are they are appropriate.
What exactly will be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them because:
Specialised state departmental units that are armed for protecting structures, structures, automobiles, and cargo from illegal assaults. They usually have the best to make use of army and solution firearms, as well as solution dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and strips that are spike to prevent automobiles. Officials of state departmental security (established by federal state figures) have actually the ability to set up protocols on administrative offences, execute personal queries, examine products belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions founded because of the mail order brides legit Code of Administrative Offences associated with Russian Federation.
The Russian Railways are protected by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport of this Russian Federation) – who describe themselves as a result:
The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries down its tasks in line with the Resolution of this federal Government for the Russian Federation of June 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection for the Federal Agency for Railway Transport.”
The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport for the Russian Federation” for almost 90 years has guaranteed the security associated with cargo being transported, the security of items plus the fire security of railway transportation within the passions for the continuing state, residents and also the business “RZhD” all across the metal highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.
Today the departmental security associated with railway transportation has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 items of railway infrastructure protected, including significantly more than 1900 most significant people.
A lot more than 400 fire inspectors execute fire prevention at fixed facilities and rolling stock. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with an increase of tactical abilities to eradicate emergencies with dangerous products.
In addition they flaunt their work protecting major bridges.
As well as railway tunnels.
So just why are such considerable safety measures in position?
Somebody on a railway that is russian asked exactly the same question, and received different explanations:
Kirill N.Kravchenko the known undeniable fact that the railway bridges are incredibly heavily guarded is understandable, nobody doubts that is necessary. But I’ve always wondered: exactly why are vehicle bridges not too zealously protected?
Victor Mikhailov in case of any sort of accident in the train such as for instance connection collapse, the effects will likely be far more significant in comparison to a road connection. Any car could have time and energy to ahead stop seeing of this obstacle. In addition road bridges are much more many than train connection, so it will be impractical to protect all of the bridges (how to locate many guards).
Novikov S.V. It really is easier for road automobiles to locate a detour, or engineering troops can erect a pontoon bridge that is temporary. Blowing up a railway connection means paralysis that is complete of path before the connection is wholly restored.
Sura i am aware that people are dealing with “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge throughout the river that is small be restored in an exceedingly quick room from pre-prepared sets. Really, that is why they're not protected.
But this article that is russian-language Евразия Вести suggests a more most most most likely explanation – Soviet-era paranoia.
After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic value had been beneath the security associated with the department that is military security of “external purchase, deanery and general general public protection” ended up being completed by elements of the railway guard together with authorities. Cargoes, home and means had been underneath the care of watchmen, who had been in complete subordination to those whoever good that they had protected.
The protection of railways and the increase of their efficiency” in order to strengthen the leadership, in March 1918 a special decree was adopted “On the centralisation of management. The Office of Protection was established by the decree of the government of July 17 of the same year, under the People’s Commissariat of Railways ( NKPS.
The squad on a lawn included transport professionals. They fought decisively against stowaways and the ones whom attempted to transport products without re re payment, as well as monitoring the efficiency of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to improve the true quantity of security staff to 70 thousand individuals.
The authorities could not tolerate chaos and theft regarding the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits as well as other unlawful element.
The NKPS had been forced to simply take extreme measures. During the channels, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed non-military protection. As for bridges along with other structures perhaps maybe not guarded by troops, in addition to railway songs, they went beneath the tutelage of regional authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.
Some propaganda that is few
A video through the Voronezh branch to mark 95 several years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway.
And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway connection within the Volga River regarding the Kuybyshev Railway.
Ministry of Railways regarding the USSR directive«Типовые that is no-298y по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security associated with the Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing standards around limited areas.
According to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries regarding the area that is restricted protected by way of a barbed cable fence (tape or inter inter net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. When you look at the landscapes, these are generally designated by warning signs 2 m high above the floor surface, installed across the fence line from inside through every 50 meters into the enclosure associated with area that is restricted be arranged gates and wickets. According to clause 2.2.3, regarding the view articles, led (rotary) floodlights for the PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are made to boost the equipping associated with the landscapes outside of the area that is restricted. According to paragraph 4.1, articles for the security of synthetic structures.
As the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (Procedure for organising those activities of Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport for the Russian Federation) dated 21 September 2010 specifies one other protection features needed.
Based on clause 2.4.1 for the manual a protection system is done to give security for the protected item, which include: guard, posts, sales, areas and channels, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical way of security, posts of solution dogs, means and other forces. Gear posts should offer the guard: an adequate summary of all parts of the post as well as the surrounding area; adequate lighting of this methods to the item, its primary points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of protection gear and guards; the chance of centralised handling of the whole illumination system or a small grouping of fixtures, plus in necessary situations, split lights (projectors).